Kavin is a team leader of an IT company. Recently he has taken of job of developing a new application for his company. After the new project was officially authorized and him being assigned as the project manager. He started creating a project plan step by steps:
1. Identify a highlevel project’s goal, deliverables, tasks, cost and deadline.
2. Identify and meet with key stakeholders. During the meeting with the project sponsor and several key stakeholders, not only did Kavin present the scope and value of the project to them, but also present all issues in a clear and transparent manner to avoid conflict with the organization.
3. Set the prioritize goals for the project. In this process, Kavin outlined the objectives of the project and the important and key things that the key stakeholders hope to achieve.
4. Define detailed deliverables. Kavin identified the detailed scope and deliverables of the project in order to meet the project’s goals. By making a list of things that Kavin are required to accomplish, he came up with ways of ensuring that they will be completed and setting deadlines.
5. Create the project schedule. In this step, Kavin went through all the deliverables and outline a series of tasks which should be completed in order of what is the most urgent. Based on this, he create a detailed project schedule.
6. Identify issues and complete a risk assessment. In this step, Kavin identified risks and assessed all those risks by understanding the potential impacts resulting from the interruption of time sensitive or critical business processes and finding ways to minimize their impacts.
7. Present the project plan to the key stakeholder and gain approval. After creating the project plan, Kavin met with the stakeholders and was able to confidently and clearly communicate to the stakeholders and answer questions that pertain to the project. And eventually, approval was gained regarding to the project plan Kavin created.
Now, the question you may ask regarding to the story above is that how did Kavin know all these processes to create a perfect project plan in such a smooth way? And further more, how did he know what to do in detail during each of those steps? And how did he know which tools and technology to choose to be used? Well, the answer is simple: not only did Kavin is an experienced and professional project manager, but also, the most important thing is he has gained the PMP certification which has given him professional knowledge regarding to planning, executing, monitoring and finishing a project.
There you see, that’s what this article about: introducing the PMP certification to you.
What is PMP?
PMP (stands for “Project Management Professional”) is an international and professional certification for project management profession. The standard and examination of PMP certification were created by PMI (Project Management Institute, America) .
Why PMP matters?
The certification and examination of PMP held by PMI has been promoted in more than 190 nations and regions. This certification has by far the highest gold content in project management areas. Therefore, by certified as a PMP, not only can the project manager improve his/her project management skills, but also it is a direct reflect of competitiveness of a project manager, and a symbol of project management professional personnel.
As certification of project management, PMP has already established its authority internationally. For example:
1. PMP has cultivated a significant amount of project management professionals in USA, and now project management has become the “golden profession” in USA.
2. PMP certification has already become an international certified standard. PMP exam has been translated into nine different languages around the world, including English, German, French, Japanese, Korean, Spanish, Portuguese and Chinese.
3. By far, there are more than 900,000 certified PMPs in the world, and the number grows quickly year by year.
4. Various countries have one after another followed the lead of the project management certification system of USA.
Requirements for Application
The applicants of PMP certification exam must have at least one of the following qualifications:
1. Those who have bachelor's degree or college’s degree of the same level or above;
This type of applicants must have at least 4500 hours’ project management experience of the five groups of project management process, and have at least 36 months of accumulative project management’s work at the last 6 years.
Note: In the calculation of months of project management’s work, the required total 36 months must be independent and not overlap.
2. Those who do not have a bachelor’s degree or college’s degree of the same level;
This type of applicants must have at least 7500 hours’ project management experience of the five groups of project management process, and have at least 60 months of accumulative project management’s work at the last 8 years.
Note: In the calculation of months of project management’s work, the required total 60 months must be independent and not overlap.
Content and questions of PMP exam
The content of PMP exam includes five groups of project management:
1. Initiating Process Group. Those processes performed to define a new project or a new phase of an existing project by obtaining authorization to start the project or phase.
2. Planning Process Group. Those processes required to establish the scope of the project, refine the objectives, and define the course of action required to attain the objectives that the project was undertaken to achieve.
3. Executing Process Group. Those processes performed to complete the work defined in the project management plan to satisfy the project requirements.
4. Monitoring and Controlling Process Group. Those processes required to track, review, and regulate the progress and performance of the project; identify any areas in which changes to the plan are required; and initiate the corresponding changes.
5. Closing Process Group. Those processes performed to formally complete or close the project, phase, or contract.
The questions of PMP exam are multiple-choice questions. There are 200 questions in total, which you have to finish in 4 hours. Among the 200 questions there are 25 of them which would be unscored. And these 25 questions are distributed in the test randomly. In order to pass the exam, you have to correctly answer at least 61% of the effective 175 questions, in another word, you have to score at least 106 among the effective 175 questions.
Finally, wish those who are reading this article to be able to gain the PMP certification and most importantly, a brighter future.